This manifestation of disease is but the effect of an effort of nature to expel from the system some irritating substance. Its division into colors and classes is unnecessary, as these different symptoms are but the same cause acting on different organs. The usual symptoms are pain in the head, back and limbs; full, quick pulse; chilliness, succeeded by a preternatural degree of heat on the surface; thirst; tongue coated, and general weakness.
In the first stages, a full course of medicine is the best process to remove the cause of fever. If this fails to remove the cause, and the pulse is full and quick, and the surface hot and dry, give a half tea-spoonful of crawley root in some warming tea once an hour, and bathe the surface in saleratus water, nearly cold, every two hours. Give an injection once in two hours until free perspiration appears on the surface, after which rub with a dry woolen cloth once an hour, and change the sheets twice a day. If this course fails to produce perspiration, put two tea-spoonfuls of the emetic powder into a cup of hot water, and give two tea-spoonfuls of the tea every half hour until vomiting is produced. If there is a coldness of the surface or extremities, steam freely and add a tea-spoonful of Cayenne to the emetic powder, and continue its use until the surface becomes warm and moist, and the pulse regular. In some forms of fever there appears to be a paralyzation of the nervous system, as in putrid fever, where the common portions of medicine will have no effect; in which cases, give the antispasmodic tincture in great spoonful doses, by injection and into the stomach, until free vomiting is produced.
In the treatment of fever, as well as in every other form of disease, the quantity and power of the medicine should depend on the obstinacy of the disease. The indications to be accomplished in all colors and forms of fever, are to produce a free, easy and general perspiration, and maintain it; and to remove obstructions from every part of the system. If pennyroyal or catmint tea will do this, it is all that is required,--but stop not short of giving a pound of lobelia, and other things in proportion, until you have accomplished those objects. Many Thomsonian physicians fail to cure fevers, by depending on fixed potions of medicine, or going through a certain process as directed by some medical author instead of keeping in view the object for which the medicine is given, and persevering until that object is accomplished. We would therefore urge upon all who undertake to cure fever, especially of the typhoid type, to pursue a thorough course of treatment in the early stage, and they will seldom fail of success. If friends object, let them take the responsibility and manage the case in their own way. Suffer no one to take charge of the patient who is not friendly to the medicine, if it can be possibly avoided, or you will be disappointed in the result. Caution should be used, after the cause is removed; that the patient does not take cold or over-load the stomach and bring on a relapse, which is always more difficult to overcome than the first attack. After the fever abates, and the coating comes off the tongue, give a tea-spoonful of the spiced bitters three times a day.